Best baby eye care and hygiene tips

Best baby eye care and hygiene tips

Best baby eye care and hygiene tips

Best baby eye care and hygiene tips

The eye is a sensitive part of the human body and especially when we are taking care of our baby. So the best baby eye care and hygiene tips are important to every parent and nursing mother, they must know this very carefully.

Best eye care and hygiene of your baby needs primarily cleaning of eyes gently: -

  • Before starting always clean your hands with soap and water, clean every finger, nails and fingertips.
  • Never use dry cloth or cotton to wipe eyes, always soak clean cloth or cotton in normal or lukewarm water. You can use sterile wet wipes tissue papers.
  • Always clean eyes from the inside corner to the outside corner, better not to use the same cotton ball for another eye. Use a different cotton ball for each eye it will reduce the spreading of infection one eye to other eyes.
  • Most of babies do not like to clean eyes so better to clean quickly but gently but keep patience and never harsh on them.
  •  In case of infection clean eyes regularly with a soaked cotton ball in lukewarm water, do not try to open eye forcefully this will damage baby’s cornea. 
  • Best time to clean when the baby is sleeping or in a relaxed mood.

How to maintain the hygiene of your baby:

  • Main hygiene comes from cleanliness.
  • Never use any kajal or soorma.
  • Eye check-up by an ophthalmologist if any symptoms present like watering, discharge, rubbing, redness.
  • Do not self-medicate, never put Gulab Jal, etc.
  • Avoid rubbing of eyes. Avoid the use of mobile, tab, or other digital devices.
  •  Do did not give any sharp toys or objects to play.

What are the reasons that your baby is rubbing eyes? 

Sleep feeling and tiredness:

This is a very common reason for rubbing eyes when your baby feels sleepy and may has yawning is same time baby needs some rest, it means the baby’s eyes are tired. 

Make relax your baby for good nap. Baby has a common try to overcome fatigue ness they are rubbing eyes to make relax from fatigue.

 Uneasy feeling

Baby is rubbing eyes constantly very often it means any foreign particle like dust, eyelash, dry discharge crust has fallen or stuck to eye. Gently wipe with a wet cloth or sterile wet tissue paper.

 Any infection of eye:

Your baby rubs eye frequently with redness, allergy, swelling of the eye area, discharge or stickiness, watering.

 In this case never ignore symptoms these are the indication to consult with eye doctor or ophthalmologist for proper diagnosis and treatment. And keep faith in your doctor.

Dryness of eyes

Baby can also rub eyes because of dryness. Sometimes we can not notice that excessive wind exposure for a long time can cause dryness for your little one. 

Your baby may feel irritation and uneasy in the eye then frequent blinking can be a sign of irritation.

Baby rub eye and nose:

  • Having a cold and cough.
  • Running nose.
  • Teeth process starts.

Eye care procedure for baby:

Eye care procedure for your baby is equally important as an adult. From the very beginning, while your baby is in hospital after birth doctor needs to check eyes color or iris color, eye movements, eyes are straight or not, inner part of eyeball check-up main is retina check-up. 

Because early diagnosis is the best to care baby’s vision in this developing age. As a parent you can easily notice any abnormality in eye or activity like your baby can recognize your face, he is smiling while seeing some object.

Eye care procedure are

Being a parent you can make list of questions for take care of the baby’s eye; a thorough eye check-up may take 1 to 2hrs of time so the baby should be comfortable. Feed him before going to the doctor, need sufficient sleep, take his favorite toy to have patience.

Eye care Evaluations are:

1.Family history

Any inherited disease present in your family, any blood relation between parents, the doctor will ask any prematurity of birth, after birth any incubation or oxygenation history, birth weight, before birth any severe disease of mother like thyroid, diabetes, high blood pressure, pox or viral infection.

2.Light perception

Doctor will check light perception by torch light, can your baby follow and fix while moving light. Both eyes should move together if not squint may be present.

3.Eye pathology evaluation: 

The doctor will examine any infection, discharge, watering present or not. Pupils are regular and round, any cataract formation by birth. At last retina examination by dilation of pupil.

 For this dilating drop will put in eyes it will take 1hr time for full dilation. Retina examination is necessary to access proper growth, any abnormal blood vessels growth, retinal detachment (due to prolong time of oxygenation of baby).

What is retinopathy of prematurity (ROP):

Leading cause of blindness is a disease of retina of premature babies who born before 30weeks (normal time is 38-40weeks). 

Retina gets weak blood vessels; these vessels may rupture and bleed leads to serious vision and eye problems.

Main causes are low birth weight, exposure to oxygen, incubation or bright light temperature.

Management of ROP:

 Laser application to burn regrowth of weak blood vessels, cryotherapy, regular eye check-up.

 Sticky eyes of newborn baby

Stickiness or eye discharge is a common eye problem that parents notice very regularly occurs. 

Causes are: -

1. Tear duct blocked

Lacrimal apparatus is a tear production organ; any blockage of a lacrimal sac or nasolacrimal duct leads infection. Symptoms are watering, discharge, stickiness. 

For blocked duct doctor will suggest you massage in the nasal part of the eye, use your index finger press lightly over the inner corner of the eye the side of the blocked tear duct, press downward side of the nose.  Do this massage 2times a day for 15 to 30 days.

2. Eye infection

A very common cause of stickiness due to bacterial, viral, fungal, allergic infection. Symptoms also present redness, watering with stickiness.

What is Ophthalmia neonatorum:

You can say it conjunctivitis eye infection just after birth within 15days. Same as regular eye infection, watering, discharge presents. Your doctor will advise antibiotic eye drops, wipe gently with a wet cotton ball, clean regularly.

Baby eye problems and symptoms:

1. Watering

This is due to the blocked lacrimal duct, any foreign body has fallen like an eyelash, solid discharge crust, sometimes baby has a cold and cough.

2. Redness:

 Redeyes for infection due to bacterial, viral and chronic allergy.

3. Strabismus or squint

Because of eye muscle weakness eye cannot move properly, eyes may turn into outward (exotropia or phoria) and inward (esotropia or phoria).

4. Amblyopia means lazy eye

The eye has less vision without any markable pathology. It has lots of causes are- squint, uncorrected refractive error, congenital cataract, droopy eyelids.

5. Congenital cataract

White reflex has seen into black part, it can by birth. Cataract will remove by surgery.

 6. Nystagmus:

 Constant moving eyeball, it is a nerve related disorder. This can happen by birth, not able to treated.

7. Congenital glaucoma (Buphthalmos)

Raised eye pressure leads to vision loss, watering, bluish cornea or corneal opacity. Need glaucoma specialist consultation, regular check-up.

8.High refractive error

This is very common cause of less vision with or without heredity. Hypermetropia error in plus power, myopia error in minus power, astigmatism is cylinder power error or you can say axis power.

9. Retinoblastoma:

The presence of white reflex into pupil, may sign of eye cancer call retinoblastoma.

Baby eye infection

Eye infection or conjunctivitis is a common eye disease in baby. Conjunctiva is very thin inner layer of eyelid and lies over sclera (white part). Infection of conjunctiva is due to bacteria, virus, fungal, allergic leads to eye infection, redness, pink eye.

Clinical causes of baby eye infection are: -

1. Conjuctivitis or pink eye or eyeflu, types of conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis
Bacterial infection occurs for staphylococcus bacteria. Eye appears as red, thick discharge will present, watering often, stickiness while wake up time in morning.

Viral conjunctivitis: 
Herpes simplex or zoster virus is responsible for this infection. Redness occurs but lighter than bacterial infection, mild discharge will present, watering sometimes.

Allergic conjunctivitis: 
Eye allergy is very often due to dust, sand, chemical, pollen or rarely by some foods. Itching will present with ropy discharge, mild redness, severe allergy shows yellowish sclera.

2. Baby eyes can be more prone to infection because of dryness. 
Dryness occurs for improper tear production. Symptoms are redness, foreign body sensation, blur vision, ropy discharge.

3. Blepharitis: 
This is a condition of eyelid margin where meibomian glands are present. Eyelid margin has eyelash with dandruff, itching, fallen of lash, swelling, severe stage bleeding.

4. Stye: 
Condition of blocked meibomian gland leads to swelled bump at eyelid margin. Pus point in centre, heavy feeling, tenderness while blinking.     

Treatment of baby eye infection:

  • Antibiotic drops (gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, tobramycin, chloramphenicol).
  • Antibiotic tablets.
  • Lubricating eye drops.
  • Anti-allergic drops.
  •  Hot compress.
  • Check vision if glass needs for uncorrected refractive error.
  • Protective goggles for allergic persons.

Child eye care tips:

1. Safety and protection:

Care of eyes first comes from safety and protection, being parent, it is your duty to protect your little one’s eye more carefully. Children are not very serious about their eyes, so prevent from all injuries of outside sports, allergy from the air, while swimming use protective goggles.

2. Avoid playing with the sharp objects:

sharp objects can be a cause of severe eye injury. Also, supervise in time of playing with firecrackers, crafting because glue can stick to eyes and it difficult to remove cause serious harm for lifetime.

3. Avoid using kajal or soorma in your child's eye: 

kajal or soorma can cause allergy or eye infection.

4. Less time for the digital device: 

Today's life is full use of smartphones, tab, laptops, so our child is unlikely to attach to this device. It can cause eye strain, dry eyes, lethargy.

5. Outdoor activity: 

Outdoor sports, running these are the best way to child growth. Good for increased immunity, this will help to fight against any disease. Increase in strength.

6. No rubbing:

Kids have a tendency to rub eye if they feel any irritation. The rub can increase the chance of infection always make sure to clean hands.

7. Good healthy diet:

Green leafy vegetables and orange-colored fruits like mango, papaya, banana it gives naturally vitamin -A and iron.

Regular eye test:

Early diagnosis is the main key to recover vision.

Can children’s eyesight improve:

Your children’s eye can improve it depends on how conscious you are about your child's health. In that case, early diagnosis is the best key to improve eyesight than less vision.

 At time of birth, the baby can see up to 1ft because the eye is growing at the age of 5yrs full development of eye have done.

Parents may have seen some activity if the child has eyesight problems: -

  • Holding reading objects close to face, watching TV closely.
  • Tilting head or turn face to see the object. Children try to focus objects by their better vision eye.
  • Frequent blink or rubbing eyes.
  • Squinting of eyes.
  • Short attention while study.
  • Improper eye-hand-body coordination while sports time.
  • Complain of headache, fatigue, crowding of words in reading.

How to improve children’s eyesight:

1. Encourage your child to play outside sports like running, swimming, cycling. Studies show the outdoor activity of children can help to control myopia 2%.

2. Allow your child to play under sunlight but also be careful of UV light, use sunglasses.

3. Less time of the digital screen, try minimum use of digital devices. Follow 20-20-20 rule, that means eye should be off every 20min for 20 seconds and look far at 20 feet distance.

4. Do check-up of eyesight by experienced optometrist and ophthalmologist. They will suggest a vision check, dilated eye examination.

5. If your child has plus power or minus power need regular eye check-up, because children’s eyesight will change with developing the growth of the body.

6. If you are not aware of your child's eyesight it can be a chance of lazy eye or amblyopia. Amblyopia has a chance to improve vision at the age till 10-15years. 

Amblyopia treatment is:
  • Patching, cover the better eye, and use worse eye more to improve vision.
  • Use glass, corrective lens, contact lens for myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism.
  • Use of atropine drop on the better eye to make blur and use worse eye.
  • Surgery in case of cataract present, squint surgery.
  • Synaptophore exercise.

Vitamins for children’s eye health:

Natural food which is made with vitamins and minerals, the main is vitamin A helps to maintain our eye health. It is found in many fruits and vegetables has vit-A, iron, zinc is good for health and eye health equally.

Main sources are:-

1. Green leafy vegetables-
Green vegetables are full of antioxidants mainly lutein and zeaxanthin are good for children’s retina. These sources of antioxidants are spinach, broccoli, lettuce, collard greens (cabbage leaf).

  • Carrots- This is a good source of vitamin A which is very much essential for healthy eye, it has Beta carotene good to stimulate night vision of child along with this you can eat apricots, winter squash, soybeans it has peak source of mineral and zinc plays a very important role on night vision and wound healing ability of the body, improve the immune system.

2. Orange-colored fruits- 
The fruits contain vitamin-C good for maintaining better vision, it has essential antioxidant, the fruits are papaya, mangoes, oranges, banana, bell peppers, along with these you can add in your daily diet red berries, blue barriers, watermelon, tomatoes.

3. Fish-
The best source of vit-D, omega-3 fatty acids from cold-water fish like salmon, mackerel, seafood such as shrimp.

4. Milk & Egg- 
These are enriched with vit-A prevents night blindness and fight against dry eyes.

To protect your children’s vision for healthy life better to add natural foods in your diet regularly, if you are planning for taking medicines better to consult with eye doctors.

 Hopefully, we gave you some important information about how to take care of your baby’s eyes. Please do consult with your eye specialist in case of any inquiry regarding eye problems and don’t do any self-treatment without consulting specialists.

Thank you

C2S team.